ANISAH ABAS HAMDAN, FADILAH PUTEH, ALIZA ABU HASSIM.
Page No : 1-19
MEASURING THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE WORK ABILITY-PERSONAL RADAR QUESTIONNAIRE USING MALAY LANGUAGE VERSION
The rising number of older workers in the global workforce has become a new
challenge while at the same time triggering anxiety among employers with the
question “how well will the workers in the near future perform concerning work
demand, health and mental resources?”. Previous studies have shown the influence of
age in the late phases of an individual’s work and conflict between ageing workers
and the workplace. While age may not be considered a constraint in performing job
task in most jobs, it is contrary when it comes to firefighting. The ageing process may
indirectly increase the prevalence of work-limiting disabilities and affect work
capacity and performance especially in a physically demanding job like firefighters.
Thus, measuring their workability is pivotal. In this study, the Work Ability-Personal
Radar (WA-PR) instrument adopted using a newly revised and modified Malay
language version to assess the workability among Malaysian firefighters. As such, this
paper aimed at examining the validity and reliability of WA-PR as an instrument using
the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Cronbach’s Alpha. Results from the study
of WA-PR in Malay version, which have been translated and tested known as
Keupayaan Kerja-Radar Peribadi (KK-RP), suggests that it can be employed and has
paved the way for future studies on workability in the Malaysian context. The WA-PR
instruments validated among the respondents. KK-RP showed an adequate
psychometric property, making it suitable to be employed in investigating the
workability level in the Malaysian context. The finding significantly can be applied in
public and private sectors in Malaysia to investigate work ability among employees at
Page No : 20-39
A BUILDING MEASUREMENT MODEL OF POLITICAL CONNECTION
This study aims to perfect developed political connection measurements with
ratios which according to researchers still have limitations because they do not
consider the weight or quality of politicians who are considered to have a
relationship with directors or commissioners. The purpose of this study is to try
to find a more precise and rational political connection measurement by
considering several things or elements. The aims to build an appropriate model
or formula to measure political connections in addition to dummy and ratios that
have been proposed and used by previous researchers. This research is a
literature study that uses various written sources that are relevant to the
measurement of political connections by considering the elements of power. This
study proposes seven elements as factors that influence power for each
politician, namely: Position in DPR/DPD and MPR, Ranking of Seat Obtained,
Position of Politician in Central Government, Position in Political Parties,
Background of Politicians, Experience in Political Organizations and Politicians
Education. The results of this study propose an index of political connections
(IPC) as a more rational political connection measurement because it considers
several elements as factors that influence the power of each politician. This
research is expected to be a reference for further studies specifically related to
political connections. With this research the researcher wants to propose a more
rational and realistic political connection by looking at the political system in
Indonesia. Practical Implications This research is also expected to be a reference
for business practitioners, especially the shareholders, directors and
commissioners of companies who have considered political connections as one
of the factors that can support the company's survival through political
DALJEET SINGH MALKEET SINGH, NORSHAFIZAH BINTI HANAFI.
Page No : 40-54
INNOVATION CAPABILITY, AND SME’S PERFORMANCE IN MALAYSIA, MEDIATE BY DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY
The research aim to explore and examine the relationship between innovation
capacity (IC), and firm performance (FP) mediated by disruptive technology
(DT) among SMEs in Malaysia. The approach of this study is quantitative, and
data used to test the hypotheses were gathered from 150 firms located within the
state of Selangor. This research utilized “Partial Least Squares Structural
Equation Modeling” (PLS-SEM) to establish validity and reliability of
measurement model and test the relationships among the study variables. The
results show a positive and significant relationship between innovation
capacity and firm performance mediated by disruptive technology. Ownermanager of SMEs should emphasize innovativeness and adoption of
disruptive technologies to ensure an overall better firm performance.
ASBAHRUL AMR, HARDIANTO ZAINAL, BAKRUDDIN, ANHAR.
Page No : 55-65
IDENTIFICATION OF FISH QUANTITY MARKETED BY MARKET OPERATOR IN EVERY MARKETING CHANNELS IN LHOK PAWOH FISH LANDING CENTER
One of the important industries in Aceh is Marine and fisheries. Most of the
Acehnese depended on this industry for their livelihood. As a result, the
industry generates big potential market. In PPI Lhok Pawoh, there are 5
marketing channels that generates values through exchange process of fish.
This study aims to identify the quantity of fish flowed through the channels
in order to discover the capacity of every channel in distributing the fish.
The research was conducted in PPI Lhok Pawoh, Sawang Sub-District,
South Aceh District and followed qualitative and quantitative of data
collection. The research revealed that 84.89 % of fish was selling through
Channel I which link to food processors located in North Sumatera and only
15.1 % is absorbed by local market within South Aceh District through
Channel II, III, IV and V. Hence, in general, Channel I play significant role
in marketing the fish produced from PPI Lhok Pawoh, while Channel II and
III is experiencing big number of fish sold in the local market. The study
follow qualitative survey method to explore the factors linked to discover
the capacity of every channel in distributing the fish.
MEI-YIN LIONG, MOHAMMAD FALAHAT, SHYUE-CHUAN, CHONG.
Page No : 66-80
MODEL CONFIRMATION FOR ART COLLECTING BEHAVIOR: EXAMINING APPLICATION OF THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR
The purpose of this study is to explore and identify the determinants of purchase
intention and purchase behavior of art consumers in Malaysia context. The case
study was used to analyse data from three open-ended interviewed with two art
collectors and one art auctioneer. The research shows that in descending order,
consumer experience, attitude, the subjective norm, trust, perceived behavioral
control and social media are the key determinants of purchase intention while
unexpected circumstances, living circumstances, and price are moderated of the
purchase intention and purchase behavior.
CHEAH RUI SHENG, GOH POH KIM.
Page No : 81-112
THE FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMERS INTENTION TO PURCHASE ONLINE FASHION CLOTHES IN KLANG VALLEY
The rapid growth and the development of e-commerce significant become
popularity in any business sector. Numerous of the business owner started to
adopting internet technology to create an online business channel for sells product
and service on the internet, whereby conduct the online transaction activity. The
e-commerce industry becomes popularity leader in the electronic business world
which provide new opportunities and concept on a business transaction,
expanded product variety and geographic. The main purpose and objective of this
research are to identify the three factors significantly influencing the consumers'
intention to online purchase fashion clothes through online shopping. The three
were E-WOM in social networking sites, perceived usefulness and perceived ease
of use. The research type was a quantitative research study that contained of selfadministered questionnaire and distributed through online and offline channel.
This research has involved 384 respondents who participated to the questionnaire.
Descriptive analysis conducted to describe the demographics of respondents. The
correlation analysis utilized to assess the research variables, whereby the
regression analysis was utilized for determine how the independent variable
influences toward dependent variable. The research findings proposed that there
is a significant influence of E-WOM in social networking sites, perceived
usefulness and perceived ease of use.
MUHAMMAD AMINU YAHAYA, ABUBAKAR ABDULKADIR JAMARI, BABA MUSTAPHA, ABUBAKAR ABUBAKAR, MUHAMMAD MUHAMMAD INUWA.
Page No : 113-139
FACTORS MOTIVATING ACADEMIC STAFF: A CASE STUDY OF GOMBE STATE UNIVERSITY, NIGERIA
The Nigerian public sector over the years has not successfully motivated her staff and this
has given rise to intermittent strikes and industrial actions. The sector is noted for
overstaffing, poor working environment and facilities, as well as poor remuneration.
Motivated and sound academic staffs or teachers are the prerequisite of any educational
system in the world today. This study set out to examine factors motivating academic staff
with a focus on Gombe State University by assessing motivational level and identifying
factors of motivation, as well as measuring the strength of the motivating techniques of
academic staff used in the University. A quantitative approach was used in this research
work and a survey research was conducted in this study. The survey design was used to
collect data from 217 sample size, where 117 academic staff participated in the study.
Frequency distribution and descriptive statistics was used to analyses the data by using
SPSS version 25. Findings of the study reveals that motivational level of academic staff in
Gombe State University was very high as more than 90 percent of the academic staff
affirmed that they enjoy working in the University. Results from this study also shows that
the available motivational tools in the University and strength of the techniques of
motivating academic staff of Gombe State University is moderately fair. The study
recommends that University administrators need to increase their academic staff
motivation, increase salary and wages, support them in achieving their set goals and
facilitate their job satisfaction.
Page No : 140-155
AN ASSESSEMENT OF THE IMPACT OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs) ON POVERTY REDUCTION IN GOMBE STATE
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) initiative by United Nations (UN) is one
of the efforts aimed at reducing poverty globally by the year 2015. Poverty has been a
serious challenge to government, particularly in Nigeria even before the declaration
of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the World leaders in 2000 at New York.
The purpose of this research is to assess the Impact of Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) on poverty reduction in Gombe State. The research used secondary sources
of data for analysis and findings. Stakeholders that are relevant to the subject matter
of study are consulted from different categories for in-depth interview. The data
obtained were presented empirically and analyzed. The work discovered that there
were series of efforts in terms of programmes and policies to eradicate poverty in the
country, particularly in Gombe State, especially from 2001 to date but, they failed to
achieve their targets that explains why Nigeria is finding it difficult to extricate itself
from phenomenon of poverty and achieve the target of MDGs by 2015 and 2020. The
study recommend among others that, the policy designers should integrate the locals
or the beneficiaries in the process of designing the Programme so as to enable for the
contribution of the selected target with their inputs on how to go about the Programme
in future. This will help in warding up suspicion and negative perception of a hidden
agenda in the local community and it will also enable for the beneficiaries to build
their own capacity in their own indigenous way instead of the universal approach
which may not work in our local communities.