ETHNOGRAPHY OF TRADITIONAL FARMER IN BALIEM VALLEY: (STRUGGLE OF LOCAL CULTURE IN FACING GLOBAL MARKET FLOW)
Publication Date : 01/01/2017
This paper attempts to understand the struggle of the Dani people in the Baliem Valley Wamena with the local wisdom in facing the infiltration the insertion of global world of consumerism, lifestyle, materialism, and related issues of humanitarian tragedy of hunger, poverty, squalor, inequality, conflict, disintegration, genocide that have undermined sovereignty of the country This study is focused on the ability humanity science in revealing the excellences within the community (native point view) in addressing social and cultural problem of community. However, the influence of modernization that simultaneously carried in national development of Indonesia, it has begun to be enjoyed by local people such as the People Dani. At least the influence of the economy market has hit the every village, even though in the most remote corners of the village. The economy market has introduced a new staple foods that are not their own and displacing planting and farming tubers. As a result, consumption patterns have affected displaced of food production system to generate cash required to buy consumer products that are not their own product. Methodologically, this paper has employed ethnographic approach, which is aimed to see detail life of local communities and at the same time linking their lives holistically to the social processes in broader context, which focused on the ability of the reveals the excellence power in communities in realization of the identity of the Nation in the facing of globalization. Socio-cultural studies of local wisdom and environment wisdom have become main theory used in analyzing the infiltration and insertion of the global world in life of local communities of Dani in the Baliem Valley Wamena.
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