FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK-LIFE BALANCE OF WOMEN PROFESSIONALS IN THE IT INDUSTRY
Publication Date : 01/09/2018
The advent of IT era in India has opened up vast job opportunities for educated women over the past two decades. There has been a surge of women professionals striving for empowerment. IT organizations and the Government have also been an enabler in terms of opportunities, career growth and education. Despite emphasis on equality, working women still face a unique set of challenges at workplace, family and society. This creates an inevitable challenge for women to sustain a suitable work-life balance. This paper explores the factors that influence the work-life balance of professional women working in the IT industry from organizational and familial dimensions. One hundred and twenty women working in the IT industry across India participated in the present study. Data was collected and analyzed using statistical tools such as Regression and Correlation; and Cluster analysis (SPSS). The result showed that work-life balance of single women as well as married women (without children) was affected by organizational factors like supervisor expectation to work late; frequency of carrying work home; and organization work culture. Family factors such as workload of household chores; and motivational support impacted work-life balance the most. However for ‘Married women with children’ work-life balance depended on organizational factors such as facility for childcare; and organization work culture; family factors like availability of time for raising the child; and work load due to childcare were most impactful. The cluster analysis was helpful in identifying segments of professional women with similar characteristics. Details of the study are presented in the paper.
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