THE ROLE OF SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS (SALW) IN EXACERBATING ARMED GROUPS CONFLICTS IN BORNO AND YOBE STATES OF NORTHEAST NIGERIA

Publication Date : 31/05/2020


Author(s) :

BABAYO SULE, MUHAMMAD A. BELLO, IBRAHIM SALIHU ADAMU HARUNA.


Volume/Issue :
Volume 5
,
Issue 2
(05 - 2020)



Abstract :

Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) spread rapidly in the globe emanating from the unmarked and untraced movements of large firearms and their contingents through illicit sources. Africa is one of the destination of SALW in large quantities resulting from the destabilisation of Libya and conflicts in Somalia, Congo, Nigeria and other African countries. Sophisticated weapons including revolvers, AK 47, Semiautomatic machine guns, RPGs, hand-made grenades and other similar weapons fall in the hands of illegal and unauthorised groups. This study examined the role of SALW in exacerbating armed group conflict in Nigeria with Borno and Yobe States of Northeast Nigeria as the area of study. The problem is that since the spread of SALW in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Boko Haram movement accessed heavy weapons easily, making their insurgency terrific and devastating. The study utilised primary and secondary sources of data. The primary sources consist of an in-depth personal interview with some selected informants in the area of study. The secondary sources are documented materials such as books, journal articles, newspapers, reports and internet sources. The data collected were discussed using content analysis. The study discovered that the Boko Haram insurgency was fueled and escalated when the SALW found its route and destination in Nigeria through the Libya-MaliNiger way leading to a disastrous cost for both lives and properties in the area of study in addition to untold humanitarian crises caused by the conflict. The study recommends among others that the sources of the weapons should be identified and block to overcome the activities of the armed group successfully.


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